The Perfect Weapon: War, Sabotage, and Fear in the Cyber

The Perfect Weapon: War, Sabotage, and Fear in the Cyber Age Mary Louise Kelly NPR Is there a Stuxnet for North Korea John Brennan CIA director under President Obama Laughter Next question DecemberIn the spring of , North Koreas missiles started falling out of the skyif they even made it that high In test after test, Kim Jong uns Musudan missilethe pride of his fleetwas exploding on the launch pad, crashing seconds after launch, or traveling a hundred miles or so before plunging prematurely into the Sea of Japan For a missile that Kim imagined would enable him to threaten the American air base on Guam and form the technological basis for a larger missile that could reach Hawaii or Los Angeles, the failures were a disaster All told, Kim Jong un ordered eight Musudan tests between mid April and mid OctoberSeven failed, some spectacularly, before he ordered a full suspension of the effort Anpercent failure rate was unheard of, especially for a proven design The Musudan was based on a compact but long range missile the Soviets had built in the s for launching from submarines Its small size but high power made it perfect for Kims new strategy shipping missiles around the country on mobile launchers and storing them in mountain tunnels, where American satellites would have trouble finding them As part of his effort to boost the range and lethality of the Norths missile fleet, Kim had invested heavily in modifying the Soviet engines The Musudan was farcomplex than the Scud, the short range missiles the North had made billions selling to Egypt, Pakistan, Syria, Libya, and Yemen, among other nations Developing the Musudan technology was critical for Kim He hoped it would pave the way for a whole new generation of single stage and multistage missiles With those in his arsenal, he could make good on his threat that no American base in the Pacificand ultimately no American citywould be beyond his reach The North had been in the missile launching business for a long time and had gained a reputation for mastering the art So the serial run of Musudan failures in three in April, two in May and June, then twoin October, after the North had taken a pause to figure out what was happening to themwas confounding The history of missile testing suggested that everyone suffered a lot of failures in the beginning, then figured it out and made things work Thats what happened during the race between the United States and the Soviet Union to build intercontinental ballistic missiles in the s and s, an era marked by many spectacular crashes before the engineers and missileers figured out the technology The Musudan experience reversed the usual trend After years of successful tests of other missiles, it was as if North Koreas engineers forgot everything theyd learned Kim and his scientists were highly aware of what the United States and Israel had done to the Iranian nuclear program, and they had tried to insulate themselves from the same kind of attack But the high failure rate of the missiles forced the North Korean leader to reassess the possibility that someonemaybe the Americans, maybe the South Koreanswas sabotaging his system By October , reports emerged that Kim Jong un had ordered an investigation into whether the United States had somehow incapacitated the electronic guts of the missiles, perhaps getting inside their electronics or their command and control systems And there was always the possibility that an insider was involved, or even several After each North Korean failure, the Pentagon would announce that it had detected a test, and frequently would even celebrate the missiles failure It was a fiery, catastrophic attempt at a launch that was unsuccessful, a Pentagon spokesman told reporters in April , after the first full test of the Musudan, timed to celebrate the birthday of the countrys founder, Kim Il sung When subsequent attempts failed, the official news release from the Pentagon included dryly worded boilerplate that The North American Aerospace Defense Command determined the missile launch from North Korea did not pose a threat to North America The statements never speculated about what went wrong But there was a lot of speculation inside the Pentagon, the NSA, and the White House, among the select group who knew about the classified US program to escalate cyber and electronic attacks against North Korea, with a particular focus on its missile tests Each explosion, each case of a missile going off course and falling into the sea, prompted the same urgent question Was this because of usSangers description of the cyber portion of Russias interference in thepresidential election is thorough and convincing It ought to be required reading for anyone who doubts the extent and seriousness of the Russian effort The great value of The Perfect Weapon is less in its specific policy prescriptions than in its being the most comprehensive, readable source of information and insight about the policy quandaries that modern information technology and its destructive potential have spawned THE NEW YORK TIMESTimely and bracing With the deep knowledge and bright clarity that have long characterized his work, Sanger recounts the cunning and dangerous development of cyberspace into the global battlefield of the st century A reader finishes this book fully understanding why cyberwar has moved rapidly to the top of Americas official list of national security threats And why, for the first time in three generations, this nations power in the world is seriously threatened THE WASHINGTON POST This encyclopedic account by a Times correspondent traces the rapid rise of cyberwarfare capabilities and warns that ideas about how to control them are only beginning to emerge THE NEW YORK TIMES BOOK REVIEWEditor s Choice The Perfect Weapon is an important and deeply sobering new book about cyberwarfare NICHOLAS KRISTOF, New York Times A chilling new book THE FINANCIAL TIMES


About the Author: David E Sanger

En tant qu’auteur connu, certains de ses livres fascinent les lecteurs, comme dans le livre The Perfect Weapon: War, Sabotage, and Fear in the Cyber Age , qui est l’un des lecteurs les plus recherchés David E Sanger auteurs dans le monde.


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